The World War II Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial site in Italy covers 77 acres, rising in a gentle slope from a broad pool with an island and cenotaph flanked by groups of Italian cypress trees. Beyond the pool is the immense field of headstones of 7,861 of American military war dead, arranged in gentle arcs on broad green lawns beneath rows of Roman pines. The majority of these men died in the liberation of Sicily (July 10 to August 17, 1943); in the landings in the Salerno Area (September 9, 1943) and the heavy fighting northward; in the landings at Anzio Beach and expansion of the beachhead (January 22, 1944 to May 1944); and in air and naval support in the regions.
A wide central mall leads to the memorial, rich in works of art and architecture, expressing America's remembrance of the dead. It consists of a chapel to the south, a peristyle, and a map room to the north. On the white marble walls of the chapel are engraved the names of 3,095 of the missing. Rosettes mark the names of those since recovered and identified. The map room contains a bronze relief map and four fresco maps depicting the military operations in Sicily and Italy. At each end of the memorial are ornamental Italian gardens.
The cemetery is open daily to the public from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., except December 25 and January 1. It is open on host country holidays. When the cemetery is open to the public, a staff member is on duty in the visitor building to answer questions and escort relatives to grave and memorial sites.
Sicily-Rome American Cemetery lies at the north edge of the town of Nettuno, Italy, which is immediately east of Anzio, and 38 miles south of Rome. The cemetery can be reached by car from Rome along the Via Cristoforo Colombo, which runs into Via Pontina (highway 148).
Drive south approximately 37 miles and exit at Campoverde/Nettuno onto the SP 87 b. Turn right to Nettuno, continuing five and a half miles to the cemetery. There is hourly train service from Rome to Nettuno, where taxicabs are available.
For those wishing to walk to the cemetery from the train station, it is approximately a 10 minute walk. Exit the station to the right and follow the sidewalk to the first traffic light. Turn right at the traffic light onto Via Santa Maria and continue straight for approximately 700 meters to the cemetery. Proceed through two roundabouts to the cemetery entrance on the left. There are numerous hotels in Anzio and Nettuno.