Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

World War II
Service #O-139726
RankBrigadier General, U.S. Army
Unit4th Infantry Division
Entered Service From
New York
Date of DeathJuly 12, 1944
Buried Plot D Row 28 Grave 45
Normandy American Cemetery
Colleville-sur-Mer, France

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Medal of Honor (Army)

The Medal of Honor (Army) was established by Joint Resolution of Congress on 12 July 1862, as amended on 9 July 1918 and 25 July 1963. It is awarded by the President of the United States in the name of Congress to a member of the Army who distinguishes himself or herself by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States, while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing or foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The deed must have been of personal bravery or self-sacrifice so conspicuous as to clearly distinguish the individual from his or her comrades. In precedence for valor, the Medal of Honor is the nation’s highest award.

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Distinguished Service Cross

The Distinguished Service Cross, established by Act of Congress on 9 July 1918 but retroactive to 6 April 1917, is awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the United States Army, distinguishes himself or herself by extraordinary heroism while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States, while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing or foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The act or acts of heroism must have been so notable and have involved risk of life so extraordinary as to set the individual apart from their comrades. In precedence for valor, the Distinguished Service Cross ranks immediately behind the Medal of Honor.

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Distinguished Service Medal (Army)

The Distinguished Service Medal, established by Act of Congress on 9 July 1918 but retroactive to 6 April 1917, is awarded to a person who, while serving in the United States Army, distinguishes himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility. Exceptional performance of normal duties will not alone justify this award. “Duty of great responsibility” is more narrowly defined in peace than in war. Justification for this award may accrue by the virtue of exceptionally meritorious service in a succession of positions of great importance. Persons other than members of the Armed Forces may receive this award for wartime service only in exceptional circumstances with the express approval of the President of the United States.

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Silver Star

The Silver Star, established by Act of Congress on 9 July 1918 and amended on 25 July 1963, is awarded to a person who, while serving in the United States Armed Forces, is cited for markedly distinct gallantry while in action against an enemy of the United States, while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing or foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. Upon application, it is awarded to individuals who received a citation for gallantry in published orders issued by a headquarters commanded by a general officer in World War I. In precedence for valor, the Silver Star ranks immediately behind the Distinguished Service Cross and the Navy Cross.

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Legion of Merit

The Legion of Merit, established by Act of Congress on 20 July 1942 and amended by Executive Order on 29 October 1942 and 15 March 1955, is awarded to a member of the Armed Forces of the United States or a friendly foreign nation who has distinguished himself or herself by exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. Performance of duties normal to the grade, branch, specialty, assignment or experience of an individual is not an adequate basis for this award. Justification for this award may accrue by the virtue of exceptionally meritorious service in a succession of important positions. In peacetime, the service should be in the nature of a special requirement or of an exceptionally difficult duty performed in a clearly exceptional manner.

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Bronze Star

The Bronze Star Medal was established by an Executive Order of 4 February 1944 superseded by an Executive Order of 24 August amended by an Executive Order on 28 February 2003. It is awarded to a person who, while serving with or in the United States Army after 6 December 1941, distinguished himself or herself by heroic or meritorious achievement or service in connection with military operations against an armed enemy, or while engaged in military operations against an opposing armed force wherein the United States was not a belligerent party. Actions while in aerial flight are not covered by this award. Awards for acts of heroism rank immediately behind the Silver Star. Awards for acts of merit or meritorious service rank immediately behind the Legion of Merit. Provisions exist for retroactive awards covering the period 7 December 1941 through 1 July 1947, based upon citations in orders, related awards and certificates, and unit awards.

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Purple Heart

The Purple Heart is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who after 5 April 1917 have been wounded or killed in action against an enemy of the United States or an opposing armed force, while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict, as the result of acts of enemy or hostile opposing forces, as a result of terrorist attacks or attacks on peacekeeping forces since 28 March 1973, or by friendly fire in circumstance as described above.

Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Silver Star with 2 Oakleaf Clusters, Bronze Star, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, French Legion of Honor with Chevron, French Croix de Guerre with 3 Palms, Tunisian Order of Nicham